A best practice is a standard or set of guidelines that are known to produce good outcomes if followed. Best practices are related to how to carry out a task or configure something.
Why do we need best practices for Software?
Bringing in best practices will help us make the most of our development process without reinventing the wheel. Making our code simple to read, simple to implement, and simple to use. Every business needs best practices to ensure the efficiency of time and money, and this is certainly true of developing software products.
Following are the practices that can be followed,
Enhance Code Readability
Always try to write code that can be easily understood by others
It may seem like extra effort at the time, but this additional work will pay dividends in the future. It will make your life so much easier when returning to update your code. In addition, the debugging process should be much smoother for you, or for other engineers who need to edit your work.
Ensure Your Code Works Efficiently
To optimize your code, you need to make sure it executes the function quickly. In the world of software engineering, writing code quickly and correctly is pointless if the end product is slow and unstable. This is especially true in large, complex programs. Even the smallest amount of lag can add up considerably, rendering your application - and all of your engineering work - useless.
Use Version Control
Version control refers to a software engineering framework that tracks all changes and synchronizes them with a master file stored on a remote server. An effective version control system is a key aspect of writing production code.
Test Your Code
Good testing practices not only ensure quality standards in software engineering but also guide and shape the development process itself. Testing ensures the code gives the desired result and meets all necessary user requirements.
Other than this, the following principles make the code more efficient:
The KISS Principle
Stands for “Keep It Simple, Silly”.
The keyword here is “Simple,” and the idea is to keep your code as concise as possible. In the context of coding, this means making your code meaningful, and specific, and avoiding unnecessary engineering work.
The YAGNI Principle
Stands for “You Aren’t Gonna Need It”.
This principle focuses on eliminating any unnecessary coding and works in tandem with the KISS principle.
The DRY Principle
Stands for “Don’t Repeat Yourself”.
It aims at reducing repetition and redundancies within the software engineering process. This is achieved by replacing repetitions with abstractions or by grouping code into functions.